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Causes, Symptoms and Preventive Measures of Nail Fungus

Nail fungus is defined as an infection that gets in through cracks in your nails. Your nails may thicken, discolor and crumble at the edge when the nail fungus starts spreading. Self-care steps and medication will be of great help once the infection starts becoming painful. The problem with nail fungus is that it might come back even if the treatment is successful. A major symptom of nail fungus is thickened nails. Discoloration of nails is also another symptom of nail fungus. People who suffer from nail fungus have distorted nails and their feet also smells foul.

Various fungal organisms cause fungal nail infections. Nail fungus is also caused yeast and mold. Nails become brittle and dry as they age. The fungus enters through the cracks created after this. Poor circulation of blood to the feet is another cause of nail fungus. People who have a weak immune system often suffer from nail fungus. Nail fungus can spread from one nail to another. Walking barefoot in damp communal areas is dangerous because it causes nail fungus. Minor skin injuries and nail injuries may lead to nail fungus.

Severe cases of nail fungus can be painful and may cause permanent damage to your nails. People with diabetes lack proper circulation of blood to the nails which makes them suffer from nail fungus. Therefore a minor injury to the feet may lead to serious complications. This is why you are highly advised to see a doctor once you start suffering from nail fungus. There are different ways in which you can prevent nail fungus. Nail fungus can be prevented by washing your hands and feet on a regular basis. You should wash your hands every time you touch your infected nail. This will be very helpful in ensuring you don’t spread the infection. After you wash your nails ensure that you moisturize them. You should also disinfect your nail cutter before cutting your nails. When trimming your nails trim straight across and then smoothen the edges with a file. Ensure that you also file down thickened areas of your nails. Disinfect your nail cutter immediately after trimming them. You can also wear sweat-absorbing socks to prevent nail fungus. You may also change your socks throughout the day to prevent getting nail fungus. This is because people whose legs sweat a lot are prone to nail fungus. Wearing footwear in damp communal areas is another way of preventing nail fungus. When you buy shoes, ensure you choose those shoes with materials that breathe. You can avoid contracting nail fungus by giving up on nail polish and artificial nails.